According to data published by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2018, more than 4.6 million people worldwide suffer from hearing disabilities. The World Health Organization estimates that the annual economic burden on the world could reach $750 billion due to the lack of effective treatment of hearing loss.
There are many causes of hearing loss, such as genetic factors, childbirth factors, infectious diseases, ear infections, taking ototoxic drugs, exposure to excessive noise, and aging. Among them, industrial noise, such as workplace noise emitted by machines and explosions, has increasingly attracted the attention of the state and employers. The potential impact of recreational noise on hearing has not received enough attention. According to WHO data, about 1.1 billion young people (aged between 12 and 35 years old) currently face the risk of hearing loss due to frequent exposure to recreational noise. The hearing loss caused by this kind of entertainment noise is precisely preventable and controllable. Through the popularization of science popularization and the popularization of ear knowledge, the risk of hearing loss caused by recreational noise can be greatly avoided.
Modern entertainment facilities, such as audio equipment, walkmans, concerts, nightclubs, bars, etc., long-term, high-volume unhealthy listening habits are potential killers of early hearing loss, the main pathogenesis of which is noise to inner ear hair Cell damage begins with high-frequency hearing loss. A survey of the listening health of college students and high school students in China shows that students with personal audio-visual equipment are close to 100%, and the number of students with noise-induced hearing loss ranges from 3% to 10%. The survey also showed that young people know little about a noise that can cause hearing loss and lack the knowledge to properly protect hearing. Therefore, actively advocating the correct use of the ear and doing a good job of preventing noise can improve the awareness of adolescents’ self-protection and prevent the occurrence of hearing loss. This is not only a health problem for adolescents but also a social problem that must be faced. Caused the attention of the whole society.
How to use the ear correctly and avoid the harmful effects of entertainment noise on hearing, we should do the following:
- Avoid wearing headphones or walkmans for long periods of time and at high volume. Do not use the Walkman in a noisy environment outside, such as the street, bus, subway, etc.
- It should be avoided or reduced to entertainment places, such as disco, electro-acoustic concerts, etc. If you need to participate, you should choose to use earplugs, earmuffs and other protective devices.
- There is currently no effective drug for the treatment of noise deafness. If the noise causes a slight hearing loss in the early or short term, it is called a temporary threshold shift, and the hearing can be restored by taking off the noise environment and fully resting.
- Improve the awareness of hearing protection. You can conduct hearing screening and monitor hearing changes through telephone, internet or mobile APP. If you have ear diseases or listen to obstacles, go to regular hospitals for treatment.
In short, recreational noise exists in our daily lives, and the youth population is the main contact group. It should raise the awareness of the whole society on the prevention of recreational noise, pay attention to the hearing health of the youth population, and avoid the occurrence of hearing loss.